Monday, August 15, 2022

Monsoon rains increase the risk of dengue and malaria

Experts have warned of a new outbreak of dengue fever and malaria across the country during the monsoon season.

In this context, Karachi, the largest city of Pakistan, suffers from increasing cases of dengue every year during the rainy season. On the one hand, Covid-19 is making a comeback here, on the other hand, due to abnormal rainfall and poor drainage conditions, a favorable environment has been created for dengue and malaria. The reason is that the dengue mosquito breeds in clean water which is present all over the country including Karachi after rain. One of the best measures would be to spray mosquito repellents throughout the city before the dengue-carrying mosquitoes are born.

Professor Dr. Saeed Khan, a molecular pathologist associated with Dow University, has said that if fumigation is not done across the city, the incidence of malaria may also increase. But there are immediate risks of dengue, which is spread by the mosquito Aedes aegypti. It lays its eggs in moist soil and the female mosquito needs human blood to survive, so this biting process transmits the dengue virus to humans and makes them prone to dengue fever.

Symptoms of dengue include severe body aches, fever, bone pain and vomiting. As dengue worsens, the number of platelets in the patient’s blood starts to drop rapidly and bleeding from the mouth and other places also starts. In this worst case, transfusion of platelets becomes indispensable to save the precious life of the patient. It should be noted that a dengue patient must avoid unnecessary antibiotics and self-medication, otherwise the disease may become more complicated.

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